High Blood Pressure: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment - Citizen Activities


Thursday, August 8, 2019

High Blood Pressure: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

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What is High Blood Pressure?

If a person has a blood pressure of 140/90 mmHg (mmHg-unit of blood pressure) or above in both arms, that can be called high blood pressure. Again, blood pressure is 139/89 to 120/80, which is called prehypertension. Prehypertension is not a disease, but people with prehypertension are more likely to suffer from hypertension. Again, in patients with diabetes or kidney disease, one should be cautious only if blood pressure is more than 130/80 and should be started in consultation with a specialist doctor.

High Blood Pressure is Really a Complex Disorder?

The disease can have dire consequences. Often there is no primary symptom of hypertension. This is the scariest aspect of high blood pressure. Although there are often no symptoms in the patient, silent hypertension can affect various parts of the body. That is why the disease can be called 'silent killer'. Uncontrolled and untreated hypertension can cause serious physical complications. One of the best ways to control high blood pressure is to change your lifestyle.

Who is at Risk of High Blood Pressure?

Age: As your age, the blood vessel's elasticity decreases and the potential for hypertension changes for hormonal changes.

Gender: Men are more likely to have hypertension than women up to the age of 6 years. Women who are seasonally discontinued are also at risk for reducing the protective effect of estrogen.

Ethnicity: High blood pressure is common among Africans and Latinos.

Genetics: Your family history plays an important role in the development of high blood pressure.

High Blood Pressure Symptoms

One of the most dangerous aspects of hypertension is that you can get the disorder for years without any symptoms. The only way to make a diagnosis is through regular health checkups.

Besides beware of some of the signs included:

✪ Headache

✪ Fatigue
✪ Problems with your vision
✪ Asthma
✪ Irregular heartbeat
✪ Hold tight to the chest, neck or ears
✪ Chest pain
✪ Drying blood with nose

What Causes of High Blood Pressure?

In 90 percent of patients, no specific cause of hypertension is known. This is called primary or ascensional hypertension. Older people usually have higher blood pressure. Some factors increase the risk of high blood pressure. Ex:


There is a hereditary continuity of hypertension. If a parent has high blood pressure, the child is also at risk for high blood pressure. Even if the nearest relative has high blood pressure, others are at risk of blood pressure.


Smoking can cause arterial, venous diseases, and heart disease, including hypertension, in response to various toxic substances in tobacco.

Excess Salt Intake:

Food salt contains sodium. It increases the aqueous part of the blood. It increases blood volume and increases blood pressure.

Overweight and Sluggish Living: 

Lack of exercise and physical activity can increase body weight. This causes the cardiovascular to work extra hard and causes high blood pressure in overweight people.

Unhealthy Eating:

Excess fatty foods, such as meat, butter and fried foods in submerged oils will increase weight. The yellow part of the egg and cholera, the brain plays these blood cholesterol. When blood is high cholesterol, the walls of the arteries become thick and tight. It can increase blood pressure.

Excessive Drinking:

Those who regularly drink excessively, have high blood pressure. Alcohol contains extra calories. It increases weight and increases blood pressure.


Atherosclerosis is more common in diabetic patients. This causes hypertension in the elderly as well as diabetic patients. In addition, they may have blindness and kidney disease.

Extreme Anxiety:

Blood pressure can also increase temporarily due to excessive anger, excitement, fear and emotional stress. If this mental stress persists and the patient is unable to cope with the increasing mental stress, high blood pressure may become permanent.

Some diseases can cause high blood pressure. This is called secondary hypertension when a specific cause is found. Some of these reasons are:

➧ Kidney disease

 Tumors of the adrenal gland and pituitary gland.
 Hereditary diseases of the arteries.
 Eclampsia and preeclampsia during pregnancy.
 Use of birth control pills for many days. Taking steroid drugs and some medicines to relieve pain.

What are the Long-term Effects of High Blood Pressure?

Excessive pressure on the walls of your arteries due to high blood pressure damages your blood vessels and your organs.

Some of the long-term consequences of hypertension include:

● Heart attack or stroke

● Atherosclerosis
 Heart failure
 Loss of sight
 Vascular dementia
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How to Reduce High Blood Pressure?

☀ Changing Lifestyle

It is possible to reduce the risk of hypertension by changing your lifestyle. It is not possible to reduce hereditary hypertension. But in such cases, one should be more careful about the factors that can be controlled.

☀ Weight loss

You need to control feeding and exercise regularly. Once you reach the target weight you should eat a limited diet and continue exercising. Losing weight by taking drugs is dangerous. It is better not to lose weight without a prescription.

☀ Food Alert

Eat low fat and low cholesterol foods. Foods cooked in low oils and low in milk, saturated fats such as soybeans, canola, corn oil or sunflower oil can be eaten. It is better to eat high fiber foods. It is best to eat flour and semolina.

☀ Salt Control

Extra salt should be avoided in the vegetables.

☀ Drinking

Alcohol should be avoided.

☀ Regular Exercise

Morning and evening walking, running if possible, light exercise, use of stairs, not an elevator, etc.

☀ Smoking Avoidance

Smoking is definitely an exclusion. Stay away from smokers. Tobacco leaves, jordans, roses, etc. should be avoided.

☀ Diabetes Control

Those who have diabetes must control it.

Mental and physical stress must be handled. Regular rest, sleep on time, rest the body from excess fatigue. By doing one's own hobbies, etc., peace of mind will be greater.

☀ Regular blood pressure test

The blood pressure should be checked at the doctor regularly. The earlier the hypertension is diagnosed, the earlier it can be controlled and the more complex the disease or reaction.

☀ Walking

Even if you can't do any other exercises, you should walk at least half an hour daily. Not to shake. At a slight speed. It's called Brisk Walking. You can get up and down the stairs.

☀ Weight Training

Weight training in the right way will bring many benefits together. Blood pressure will be lower as well as the core will be strong. The weight will decrease, the month will increase. However, do not hurry when it comes to weight training. It is likely to hurt.

☀ Cycling

Don't you like to walk? Well, then cycling for at least half an hour every day. Cycling is a great way to improve cardiovascular health. Not only is blood pressure under control, but it also increases digestive power.


In addition to blood pressure, you can protect yourself from many other diseases. Wake up every morning for half an hour and practice the practice of yoga. You will see the benefit within a month.

8 Misconceptions About High Blood Pressure

Hypertension or hypertension is a well-known problem. Many around us suffer from this disease. However, many of us have misconceptions about the problem, which has no basis in medical science. Learn about:

1. Increased blood pressure causes neck pain

If you have neck pain, some think that blood pressure must have increased. This idea is impractical. In most cases, no symptoms of elevated blood pressure are understood. Usually, there is neck pain due to bone or joint problems.

2. If blood pressure is high then milk-egg is forbidden

The idea that eating milk-egg-meat increases blood pressure is wrong. Some people quit eating milk-eggs when they saw an increase in blood pressure. But actually eating more salt or salty foods can increase blood pressure. To avoid the risk of heart disease, a person with hypertension is prohibited from eating oil-rich foods, such as egg yolks, milk yogurt, lean meats.

3. Blood pressure is reduced by eating tamarind 

This idea is also wrong. If you see high blood pressure, some may eat tamarind water or talk. Mixing these salts can increase blood pressure. And without salt, there is the problem of acidity.

4. Salt can be eaten by frying

Due to the high blood pressure, it is forbidden to eat raw salt, many people eat salt lightly or increase the salt content in cooking. Regardless of how you eat it, it will increase blood pressure.

5. No medicine when blood pressure decreases

Many patients with hypertension stop using drugs when their blood pressure is normal, which is not true at all. Sudden discontinuation of hypertension drugs can lead to adverse reactions, even life-threatening.

6. Leave the medication as it is not a problem

Some people want to stop taking drugs, even though blood pressure is high but there is no problem with the body. In fact, although there are no symptoms in high blood pressure, it will gradually increase the risk of heart disease, paralysis, blindness and kidney failure. You are given medicines to avoid long-term complications. Many people say that if you start this medicine you have to eat it all your life, so it is best not to start. This is dangerous thinking. If necessary, the drug should be started as soon as possible, or the complications will increase.

7. Tension is the cause of increased blood pressure

Mental stress, anxiety, etc. are responsible for some. However, emotional distress is not the only cause of high blood pressure. Works as an influencer for high blood pressure, including uncontrolled living, overweight, smoking, drinking, oil-rich foods, excess salt intake. Changing your lifestyle can greatly reduce the risk of developing blood pressure.

8. Good work on other medicines

With high blood pressure, your age, severity of hypertension, other related diseases (eg diabetes, heart disease, history of heart attack, asthma, prostate problems, pregnancy, etc.) are considered to reduce blood pressure. A drug is necessary for someone, while the same drug can be dangerous for someone else. Therefore, you do not even think about taking drugs that control the blood pressure of others.


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